Pediatric bacterial bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.1547 blood specimens were collected from premature, infants, and children [aged from 1 day to 3 years] referred to the Belgaum Children’s hospital pvt. ltd, Belgaum, India during the period from August 2015 to July 2016.
We retrospectively investigated BSI in blood samples collected from infants and children referred to the Belgaum Children’s hospital pvt. Ltd, Belgaum. The range of bacterial pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns were analyzed.
The following bacterial species were recovered: Klebsiella spp, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas spp., Enterobacter spp., Hemolytic streptococci, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pnenmoniae, Enterococcus faecalis, viridans Streptococci, Alcaligens faecalis, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Proteus spp., and Serratia marcescens.
The most common etiologic agents of pediatric bacteremia were Klebsiella spp. And E. coli together isolated from the blood samples studied.
The resistance of the recovered Klebsiella spp. and Escherichia coli isolates to a number of antimicrobial agents was determined, and a pattern of multi drug resistance was observed which may explain the prevalence of these isolates in pediatric bacteremia in the area of the study.